Marine Research/STEM-Grade 8

  
      The Marine Research Program for Grade Eight (8) focuses on sustainability and underwater exploration.  Students will learn about the business of recycling and how man is struggling to process the tons of plastic waste that is being dumped into the ocean each day.  We will also learn about aquaculture and how technology is helping man to meet the growing needs for greater seafood production that is both healthy and sustainable.  Finally, students will learn about the history of underwater exploration and engage in building ROV's in the classroom.

     Below you will find an assortment of featured articles, videos and activities that complement the Marine Research/Design Program for Grade 8.  Follow the links to learn more.

COURSE SUMMARY
 The Day After Tomorrow (DVD)
     Global Climate Change is a reality and its impact on the overall health and future of mankind is vividly portrayed in this science fiction thriller- The Day After Tomorrow.  Three fundamental concepts are illustrated during this two hour movie.  They are the Greenhouse Effect, Global Climate Change and the World Ocean Conveyor Belt.  This movie provides one of the best explanations as to how the world ocean conveyor belt helps to stabilize global climate conditions and what can happen when ocean currents stop or are redirected.  Students may find it difficult to take notes during this visual smorgasborg but there is a lot of science to be experienced nonetheless.
WORKSHEET
 Science Movie Worksheets
     Experience has shown us that many students are visual learners.  There is a wealth of informative yet entertaining movies that can provide both interest and factual relevance to your classroom.   Whether you are looking for a last minute addition to your class curriculum or would like to interject something different into the classroom routine the link provided below might just help.
SCIENCE MOVIE
 A Plastic Ocean (NETFLIX)
     In the center of the Pacific Ocean gyre our researchers found more plastic than plankton. A Plastic Ocean documents the newest science, proving how plastics, once they enter the oceans, break up into small particulates that enter the food chain where they attract toxins like a magnet. These toxins are stored in seafood’s fatty tissues, and are eventually consumed by us.  If it was happening in one gyre, they suspected it was happening in all of them. But the filmmakers needed experts to prove it.

     This movie was released in 2016 and it tells a very frightening depiction of how our fascination with disposable plastic is literally poisoning our oceans and its food chain.  This is a video that you cannot ignore.
WORKSHEET 6/7
POWERPOINT
WORKSHEET
STUDY GUIDE
OCEAN
 Pipe Cleaner Tower Lab
     This lab activity introduces students to the design process by working in groups to design and construct a freestanding tower using just their own creativity and some simple materials.  Every day, scientists and engineers working with many different types of materials must design an object or structure within a limited amount of time.  They often encounter unforeseen challenges or obstacles that can slow down progress of stop the project all together.  Material costs, limited time and changing demands by the customer can seriously influence the success or failure of the project.  
 
STUDENT VERSION
DESCRIPTION
 Deep Sea Aquaculture (Youtube.com)
     Many of us dont realize that ninety percent (90%) of all shellfish consumed in the United States is actually farm raised.  As more and more of the ocean fisheries are being depleted by overfishing and population growth, man is looking for new ways to increase fish and shellfish production.  Aquaculture is one of the best options for the future.  At present, it represents a thirteen billion dollar industry and is growing in size each year.    But fish farming is not without its risks by virtue of contamination, overfeeding and parasites to name but a few.  In this segment we learn more about two new aquaculture technologies for the future.
 
WORKSHEET
VIDEO
Aqua Pods- The Future of Aquaculature



Kelp Wanted- Farming Seaweed



National Geographic Special- Tilapia Farming



What is the difference between kelp, algae and seaweed?
WORKSHEET
KELP
WORKSHEET
TILAPIA
ARTICLE
 Symbiotic Relationships (Youtube.com)
     The ocean realm is filled with organisms living together and interacting with their physical environment.  Symbiosis is all about relationships and how different creatures live in harmony, or compete with each other.  This short video features the three most common symbiotic relationships and use a variety of marine creatures to highlight how these relationships work.  There is a lot of information packed inside this ten minute video so students should pay close attention and take careful notes.  "Symbiosis in the Sea with Jonathan Bird".
 
WORKSHEET
VIDEO
 The Physics of Battle (Physics)
     Catapult physics is basically the use of stored energy to hurl a projectile (the payload), without the use of an explosive. The three primary energy storage mechanisms are tension, torsion, and gravity. The catapult has proven to be a very effective weapon during ancient times, capable of inflicting great damage. The main types of catapults used were the trebuchet, mangonel, onager, and ballista. These types of catapults will be described, and pictures and illustrations will be included
 
WORKSHEET
CATAPULT
PAYLOAD
 Paleoworld (YouTube)
     A study of marine life would not be complete without first taking a closer look at how life began some 500 million years.  One of the most fascinating periods in the fossil record depicts giant creatures the size of school buses roaming the vast oceans looking for prey.  But man has often struggled with his understanding of how prehistoric life evolved and many of his early attempts at identifying early dinosaurs were often met with gross errors and mistaken identity.  Without sophisticated tools, limited resources and questionable motives, early fossil hunters were often driven by a lust for fame and glory sometimes resulting in catastrophe.  This first installment of the Paleoworld Series describes early fossil hunters and some of the mistakes that were made.
WORKSHEET
VIDEO
 First Life with David Attenborough/ ORIGINS (PBS) (YouTube) 58 min.
     One of the most fascinating periods in prehistoric life is also one of the least understood.  Almost 500 million years ago, there was an explosion of life with almost 10,000 new lifeforms suddenly emerging.  Every type of animal body plan from arthropods to molluscs suddently appeared during this evolutionary explosion.  First Life (BBC) with David Attenborough reveals one of the most detailed studies of the very first life forms to emerge on this planet.  This video is rich with amazing imagery and some of the latest discoveries surrounding the emergence of the very first living creatures. However, some of the material may not be suitable for middle school students but go to 42:42 to begin the Cambrian Period.  ORIGINS (PBS) narrated by Neil DeGrasse Tyson offers an equally  excellent depiction of how life began and how early Earth was formed.
ORIGINS
VIDEO
 Attenborough and the Sea Dragon (PBS-2018) 53 min.
     A remarkable 200-million-year-old fossil - the bones of an ichthyosaur, a giant sea dragon - has been discovered on the Jurassic coast of Britain. David Attenborough joins the hunt to bring this ancient creature's story to life. Using state-of-the-art imaging technology and CGI, the team reconstruct the skeleton and create the most detailed animation of an ichthyosaur ever made. Along the way, the team stumble into a 200-million-year-old murder mystery - and only painstaking forensic investigation can unravel the story of this extraordinary creature's fate.
VIDEO
 China's Toxic River (60 Minutes) 13 min.
     Our society is based on the idea that "newer is better" and "out with the old" when it comes to smart phones, digital video and computer hardware.  We are always upgrading to something newer and better.  But what happens to the computer monitor, VCR or mother board that gets thrown in the recycle bin?  Watch this video special from 60 Minutes and discover that our thirst for technology is creating some very toxic and potentially deadly problems.
VIDEO
 Coral Reef Research Presentation (Power Point)
     A coral reef is a structure made by millions of tiny creatures called "polyps".  These small carnivorous organisms are invertebrates and spend much of their time filtering food particles from the ocean current.  Coral polyps do not have backbones and are related to jellyfish and sea anemones.     These are unique ecosystems that form large communities featuring a variety of marine organisms and plant life living together.  This project will take 5-7 days to complete depending on how proficient students are with using Power Point.  
  
PROJECT
 Raising the Hunley (YouTube.com)
      On February 17th, 1864, the H. L. Hunley became the first successful combat submarine in world history with the sinking of the USS Housatonic. After completing her mission, she mysteriously vanished and remained lost at sea for over a century. For decades, adventurers searched for the legendary submarine.  Over a century later, the National Underwater and Marine Agency (NUMA), led by New York Times-bestselling author Clive Cussler, finally found the Hunley in 1995. News of the discovery traveled quickly around the world. A ground breaking effort began to retrieve the fragile submarine from the sea.
WORKSHEET
Click here to turn page