Marine Research

  
     To stand at the edge of an ocean is to face an eternity of waves and water, a shroud covering seven-tenths of the Earth.
Hidden below are mountain ranges and canyons that rival anything on land. There you will find the Earth's largest habitat, home to billions of plants and animals – the vast majority of the living things on the planet.

     In this little-seen world, swirling super-highway currents move warm water thousands of miles north and south from the tropics to cooler latitudes, while cold water pumps from the poles to warmer climes.    It is a system that we take for granted as much as we do the circulation of our own blood. It substantially regulates the Earth's temperature, and it has been mitigating the recent spike in atmospheric temperatures, soaking up much of human-generated heat and carbon dioxide. Without these ocean gyres to moderate temperatures, the Earth would be uninhabitable.

     Below you will find an assortment of featured articles, videos and activities that complement the Marine Research/Design Program.  Follow the links to learn more.

 The Day After Tomorrow (DVD)
     Global Climate Change is a reality and its impact on the overall health and future of mankind is vividly portrayed in this science fiction thriller- The Day After Tomorrow.  Three fundamental concepts are illustrated during this two hour movie.  They are the Greenhouse Effect, Global Climate Change and the World Ocean Conveyor Belt.  This movie provides one of the best explanations as to how the world ocean conveyor belt helps to stabilize global climate conditions and what can happen when ocean currents stop or are redirected.  Students may find it difficult to take notes during this visual smorgasborg but there is a lot of science to be experienced nonetheless.
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 Science Movie Worksheets
     Experience has shown us that many students are visual learners.  There is a wealth of informative yet entertaining movies that can provide both interest and factual relevance to your classroom.   Whether you are looking for a last minute addition to your class curriculum or would like to interject something different into the classroom routine the link provided below might just help.
SCIENCE MOVIE
 A Plastic Ocean (NETFLIX)
     In the center of the Pacific Ocean gyre our researchers found more plastic than plankton. A Plastic Ocean documents the newest science, proving how plastics, once they enter the oceans, break up into small particulates that enter the food chain where they attract toxins like a magnet. These toxins are stored in seafood’s fatty tissues, and are eventually consumed by us.  If it was happening in one gyre, they suspected it was happening in all of them. But the filmmakers needed experts to prove it.

     This movie was released in 2016 and it tells a very frightening depiction of how our fascination with disposable plastic is literally poisoning our oceans and its food chain.  This is a video that you cannot ignore.
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 Pipe Cleaner Tower Lab
     This lab activity introduces students to the design process by working in groups to design and construct a freestanding tower using just their own creativity and some simple materials.  Every day, scientists and engineers working with many different types of materials must design an object or structure within a limited amount of time.  They often encounter unforeseen challenges or obstacles that can slow down progress of stop the project all together.  Material costs, limited time and changing demands by the customer can seriously influence the success or failure of the project.  
 
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 Deep Sea Aquaculture (Youtube.com)
     Many of us dont realize that ninety percent (90%) of all shellfish consumed in the United States is actually farm raised.  As more and more of the ocean fisheries are being depleted by overfishing and population growth, man is looking for new ways to increase fish and shellfish production.  Aquaculture is one of the best options for the future.  At present, it represents a thirteen billion dollar industry and is growing in size each year.    But fish farming is not without its risks by virtue of contamination, overfeeding and parasites to name but a few.  In this segment we learn more about two new aquaculture technologies for the future.
 
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Aqua Pods- The Future of Aquaculature



Kelp Wanted- Farming Seaweed



National Geographic Special- Tilapia Farming



What is the difference between kelp, algae and seaweed?
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 Symbiotic Relationships (Youtube.com)
     The ocean realm is filled with organisms living together and interacting with their physical environment.  Symbiosis is all about relationships and how different creatures live in harmony, or compete with each other.  This short video features the three most common symbiotic relationships and use a variety of marine creatures to highlight how these relationships work.  There is a lot of information packed inside this ten minute video so students should pay close attention and take careful notes.  "Symbiosis in the Sea with Jonathan Bird".
 
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 The Physics of Battle (Physics)
     Catapult physics is basically the use of stored energy to hurl a projectile (the payload), without the use of an explosive. The three primary energy storage mechanisms are tension, torsion, and gravity. The catapult has proven to be a very effective weapon during ancient times, capable of inflicting great damage. The main types of catapults used were the trebuchet, mangonel, onager, and ballista. These types of catapults will be described, and pictures and illustrations will be included
 
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