How to Write an Abstract

  
What is an abstract?

      An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of 250 words or less, the major aspects of the entire project in a specific order that includes the following:

1) An introduction that covers the overall purpose of the project and the problem(s) you investigated;
2) the basic design of the project and its experiment;
3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and,
4) a  brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions. If you are an design or engineering student state whether or not you met your design criteria.


     The abstract is required on all project boards in the lower left of the presentation board.  The abstract must be written on the 2018-2019 PBC District Form which will be provided for you as we approach the conclusion of the science fair preparation.


Okay, so how do I write an abstract?

   Basically, there are four different types of abstract styles but the most common is called the "Informative Abstract".  The abstract allows you to add more detail to each major aspect of the project and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper or view your science fair project. Therefore, enough key information [e.g., summary results, observations, trends, etc.] must be included to make the abstract useful to someone who may want to examine or simply read your project.

     Although it is one of the first sections of your science fair project, the abstract should be written last since it will summarize the contents of your entire project. A good strategy to begin composing your abstract is to take whole sentences or key phrases from each section of the project and put them in a sequence that summarizes the contents. Then revise or add connecting phrases or words to make the narrative flow clearly and smoothly.  


Remember:
 
*     Be concise.  Choose each sentence carefully because all of this must be done in 250 words or less.

*    Start off strong. An abstract should be a mini essay, so it should begin with a clear statement of your hypothesis or project purpose. This should be in the first sentence or two.


*   The last sentence or two should point to any conclusions reached and the direction future research might take. Like the first sentence, the last should be interesting and straight to the point. Leave your readers wanting to read your project essay!


 


A direct link to the 2018-2019 PBC District Abstract Form will be provided soon.




Here is a sample abstract from a Science Fair project on Battery Efficiency.


Abstract Form
Abstract Sample
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